The history of Mohenjo Daro

history   Mar 24, 2020

Nestled in the province of Sindh is the ancient archaeological site called Mohenjo Daro. This city that was built in 2500 BCE is not only  important for Pakistan, but holds historical validity for the entire world. This is because Mohenjo Daro has been written down in history as one of the largest and most advanced settlements of the Indus Valley Civilisation (2500-1700 BCE).

Located on the bank of the Indus River, Mohenjo Daro was once the centre of the ancient civilisation since the city had a lot to offer in terms of a modern way of life.

Why Mohenjo Daro is special 

Photo Courtesy: Encyclopedia Britannica

When Mohenjo Daro was discovered by the archaeologist Sir John Marshall in the 1920’s, the world was left in awe at the way the city was built. The city not only had streets and houses laid out in a proper grid, but also had public buildings and a drainage system.

The leftovers of the city also included a public bath, a well, and an underground furnace. Though these facilities might not seem special in today’s time, but having achieved such infrastructure during 2500 BCE definitely deserves admiration. 

Just imagine how brilliant the individuals of that time were to have created so much out of the few resources they had! No wonder the ancient city has been declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO. 

Photo Courtesy: Harappa

Famous artifacts of Mohenjo Daro

A few internationally recognised works of art discovered at Mohenjo Daro include the statue of the dancing girl that was made from bronze, and the sculpture of the ‘Priest King’. Today, these sculptures have become symbols of the great city as well as the Indus Valley Civilisation. 

But you know what we should be proud of more than anything? The fact that this historical wonder lies within Pakistan.